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欧盟与土耳其能源合作的新战略

2017-10-31 16:14

摘要:对欧盟而言,重新关注新的合作领域将为其实现可持续性能源领导力的愿望提供机会,同时开启新的商业机遇。对土耳其而言,这将提升其气候和环保成效,同时降低能源进口汇票以及对俄罗斯的能源依赖。

原文标题:A new strategy for European Union-Turkey energy cooperation

中文摘要:布勒哲尔国际经济研究所专家SIMONE TAGLIAPIETRA等在《欧盟与土耳其能源合作的新战略》一文中表示,在当前欧盟和土耳其关系出现紧张的时期,能源领域的合作由于强大的双边利益可能成为一个亮点。可再生能源、能源效率、核能与碳排放交易领域可能对能源、气候和环境的可持续性以及整体宏观经济和地缘政治稳定性产生真正的长期影响。对欧盟而言,重新关注新的合作领域将为其实现可持续性能源领导力的愿望提供机会,同时开启新的商业机遇。对土耳其而言,这将提升其气候和环保成效,同时降低能源进口汇票以及对俄罗斯的能源依赖。此外,合作优先级的改变还将有利于阻止土耳其仓促发展煤炭行业。当前土耳其拥有世界上第三大燃煤电厂发展规划,仅次于印度和中国。(编译:宫雪、罗婧婧)

原文:

In a period of stress in the relationship between the European Union and Turkey, cooperation over energy could be a bright spot, because of strong mutual interests. Fields such as renewables, energy efficiency, nuclear energy and emissions trading could make a real impact on long-term energy, climate and environmental sustainability, and on overall macroeconomic and geopolitical stability.

In a period of stress in the relationship between the European Union and Turkey, cooperation over energy could be a bright spot, because of strong mutual interests. However, EU-Turkey cooperation over energy requires a rethink. Up to now, gas and electricity have represented the main components of cooperation. Though highly visible, cooperation in these fields appears to be limited in practise.

By contrast, cooperation in other fields – such as renewables, energy efficiency, nuclear energy and emissions trading – could make a real impact on long-term energy, climate and environmental sustainability, and on overall macroeconomic and geopolitical stability.

On renewables and energy efficiency, the EU could support Turkey by scaling-up the financial support it currently provides within the framework of its climate finance commitments. This would reinforce the case for renewables and efficiency projects in Turkey, particularly as the cost of capital continues to represent a major barrier for these investments.

On nuclear energy, the EU can make a sensible contribution to the establishment of a nuclear energy sector in Turkey. This can notably be accomplished by integrating Turkey into the framework of Euratom.

On carbon markets, the EU can offer institutional support to Turkey, as is already being done with other countries such as China.

Refocusing bilateral cooperation on renewable energy, energy efficiency, nuclear energy and carbon markets would be more effective and strategic for both the EU and Turkey. For the EU, it would provide an opportunity to put its sustainable energy leadership aspirations into practice, while opening up new commercial opportunities. For Turkey, it would enhance both climate and environmental performance, while reducing the energy import bill and energy dependency on Russia.

This change in priorities would also be important to head off Turkey’s rush into coal. Turkey currently has the third largest coal power plant development programme in the world, after India and China.

A new strategy for European Union-Turkey energy cooperation.pdf

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