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处罚费率:对澳洲商届的挑战

澳大利亚独立研究中心 2017-03-21 08:36
摘要:对于公平工作委员会关于降低惩罚税率的决议,澳大利亚政府的反应偏弱。政府表现得十分犹豫降低惩罚税率的决议不是公平工作委员的一时兴起,多年来很多部门进行了大量工作来降低这一税率。澳大利亚独立研究中心认为这一变化有利于经济发展。

Penalty rates a challenge for business

 

原文标题:Penalty rates a challenge for business

中文摘要:澳大利亚独立研究中心专家Simon Cowan在《惩罚税率:对澳洲商届的挑战》一文中表示,对于公平工作委员会关于降低惩罚税率的决议,澳大利亚政府的反应偏弱。政府表现得十分犹豫,但如果表示支持,则难免承担骂名。降低惩罚税率的决议不是公平工作委员的一时兴起,多年来很多部门进行了大量工作来降低这一税率。澳大利亚独立研究中心认为这一变化有利于经济发展。不只是政府,商界对实施这一改革的响应更为消极。商界没有捍卫自身的利益。企业税改革的时候就很少听到商界支持积极变革的声音,现在商业领导人再次错过了降低惩罚税率的战争。商界已经努力避免参与政治,他们通过接受企业社会职责来努力平息其他纷争。但是这些方法都没能缓解政治纷争。现在也许是商界为自身信仰开始努力争取的时候了。(编译:罗婧婧)

原文:

The government’s response to the Fair Work Commission’s decision on penalty rates has been weak. The government has appeared indecisive, yet will wear opprobrium for supporting the decision anyway.

That the unions and Labor would try and mount a campaign against these changes was one of the most predictable things in the world: unions in particular long for another relevance boost like the one they received after Workchoices. The government should have had their response prepared.

And to be clear, the penalty rate cut is not merely a whim of the Fair Work Commission: a lot of work has been done over a number of years to build the economic case for the cut — not the least by the Productivity Commission. As the CIS has noted before in a number of reports, this change is a good one for the economy.

Yet the political case, the public case, must be made for the changes — not just the economic one. Government has failed to take the lead here, but they are not alone in failing to act. Business has been even weaker in prosecuting the case for change.

The Liberal party has long despaired that business does not actively campaign the way unions do. By and large, business is correct to stay out of politics — too many businesses to count have suffered financially from taking political positions.

Yet this reticence by business has now gone far beyond staying on the political sidelines. Business is not defending itself against increasingly aggressive attacks by the left. Business was barely heard in supporting positive changes to company taxation and business leaders are again missing in the fight to cut penalty rates.

The business community is supposedly white hot with anger over the failure of Turnbull to prosecute the case for penalty rate cuts. I say supposedly because you would never actually know that from the debate on the issue.

Businesses have tried making themselves invisible in politics and they have tried appeasing the left by embracing ‘corporate social responsibility’. Neither approach has placated the politics of envy. Maybe it’s time they start fighting for what they believe in.

责任编辑:罗婧婧