2017-04-26 08:09 澳大利亚独立研究中心
原文标题：Royal Commission or another inquisitorial farce?
中文摘要：澳大利亚独立研究中心专家Heidi Kiekebosch-Fitt在《皇家调查委员会还是另一个调查闹剧？》一文中表示，皇家调查委员会针对青年拘留和儿童保护的中期报告证明，虽然距澳大利亚“原住民羁押期死亡”委员会提出339条建议至今已经过去26年，其间也还进行了无数次其它调查，但监禁统计结果比以往任何时候都更为糟糕。此次中期报告没有提出任何建议，只是总结了委员会迄今为止的工作。报告突出了北部地区体系的失败。数据显示，被拘留的儿童和青年中94%是原住民，创澳大利亚历史最高。类似调查长期回避一个问题，即为什么被拘留的原住民比例从1991年的14%上升至2015年的27% 。很明显，相关信息并不欠缺，但是这些调查持续给出雷同的建议。只要调查替代行动的现象继续存在，澳大利亚仍将无法实现目标。与澳大利亚原住民相关的“污名”将永久存在。（编译：罗婧婧）
The Royal Commission into Youth Detention and Child Protection’s interim report proves that, despite 26 years passing since the Aboriginal Deaths in Custody commission’s 339 recommendations – and countless other inquiries — incarceration statistics are worse than ever.
The interim report does not make any recommendations, but instead summarises the Commission’s work to date. It highlights that the Northern Territory system is failing; with a total of 94% of children and young people in detention being Aboriginal: the highest rate in Australia.
These figures are appalling but not surprising, because they were clearly foreshadowed 26 years ago. The Deaths in Custody Commission’s Recommendation 62 stressed an urgent need to address the rate at which Aboriginal juveniles were entering the criminal justice system.
Fast forward to 2016: it was outlined during the first public sitting of the Youth Detention commission that there are more than 50 reports relevant to the inquiry. The list reveals that since 2007 there has been, on average, more than one inquiry a year – but Indigenous incarceration is higher than ever. And the federal government announced yet another inquiry, just a month after the announcement of the Youth Detention Royal Commission.
The long history of similar inquiries begs the question of why the percentage of Indigenous people in custody has risen from 14% in 1991 to 27% in 2015. Information is clearly not lacking on the issues –and these inquiries continue to produce similar recommendations.
For the Deaths in Custody commission, the 339 recommendations called for a systemic approach to change — but instead were implemented on an ad hoc basis. More importantly, the ongoing habit of inquiries and recommendations fail to address the root cause of the issue; solving Indigenous people’s involvement in crime.
So long as inquiries substitute for action, Australia will continue to fail to meet targets – thus perpetuating the ‘stigma’ associated with Indigenous Australia.