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能源创新领域的合作伙伴关系

2017-03-01 20:57 战略与国际研究中心

摘要:高级研究计划署-能源中心(ARPA-E)隶属于美国能源部,其“高风险,高回报”的投资项目可能对实现“减少能源进口,减少能源有关排放,并提高行业能源使用效率”的目标有重要影响。ARPA-E在能源创新进程中起到独特而重要的作用,其目标是加速变革性或突破性能源技术的发展。

Partnerships for Energy Innovation

原文标题:Partnerships for Energy Innovation

中文摘要:战略与国际研究中心专家Sarah Ladislaw在《能源创新领域的合作伙伴关系》一文中表示,高级研究计划署-能源中心(ARPA-E)隶属于美国能源部,其“高风险,高回报”的投资项目可能对实现“减少能源进口,减少能源有关排放,并提高行业能源使用效率”的目标有重要影响。ARPA-E在能源创新进程中起到独特而重要的作用,其目标是加速变革性或突破性能源技术的发展。在创新引领的世界中,ARPA-E试图通过解决制约私营部门参与的技术-经济挑战,为基础研究和私营部门的研发架起一座桥梁。目前,ARPA-E的成功正在被世界主要国家和公司效仿。本周ARPA-E将举办年度能源创新峰会,这是为来年播种机会。ARPA-E提供了一个良好的案例,展示了政府如何能够给私营部门提供机会并提高美国的竞争力。总统和国会将努力维护和加强ARPA-E作为新的增长和机会来源的作用。(编译:刘小云)

原文:

In 2007, the National Academies of Sciences challenged the U.S. federal government to devise a “comprehensive and coordinated federal effort” to increase U.S. competitiveness in science and technology to bolster our collective economic and employment outlook for the future. The same year, Congress passed and President George W. Bush signed into law, the America Competes Act, which took the National Academies’ advice to heart and developed a research and development (R&D) strategy and programs across federal agencies. One of the most notable programs created by this legislation is the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E). Housed at the U.S. Department of Energy, it is designed to complement an already robust research and development portfolio with investments in “high-risk, high-return” projects that could have a meaningful impact on “reducing energy imports, reducing energy-related emissions and greenhouse gases, and improving energy efficiency in all sectors of the U.S. economy.”

ARPA-E plays a unique and important role in the energy innovation process. Guided by the simple mantra—“if it works, will it matter?”—their goal is to accelerate the development of transformative or disruptive energy technologies. In the world of innovation, ARPA-E seeks to bridge the valley of death between basic research and private sector R&D by working on the techno-economic challenges and risks that limit private sector engagement. Funded projects fall into four main categories: electricity generation; electrical grid operations including storage, energy efficiency and emissions; and transportation, including vehicle batteries. Within each category, project applications are evaluated for both specific scientific and commercial barriers and the potential for resolution of those barriers to yield real change in the energy system. A large percentage of ARPA-E funding recipients and partners are in the private sector—approximately 46 percent of ARPA-E projects are led by businesses, and roughly 79 percent of all projects include a business partner.

For a group that is comfortable with the failure so often necessary for moving innovation forward—they’ve been remarkably successful. According to a recent report, since its inception, ARPA-E has invested over $1.5 billion in research funding distributed across more than 35 programs and 500 projects, of which 45 projects have received follow-on funding from the private sector totaling $1.8 billion and 36 have resulted in the formation of new companies. ARPA-E is a stand out model for a new type of R&D support—it was patterned after a similar program in the U.S. Defense Department, but in many ways, its technological commercialization challenges are much different from those in the defense industry.

These types of innovation partnerships are more important than ever in the face of today’s challenges to provide affordable, clean, and reliable energy sources to growing world populations; meet the expectations of changing consumer preferences; incorporate new technologies and capabilities; and to reduce pollution and emissions. So far, ARPA-E’s success is catching on. Major countries and companies around the world are following suit. Mission Innovation is a partnership of more than 20 of the world’s largest economies that have committed to doubling their own R&D spending and seeking partnerships with the private sector—some patterned after ARPA-E. The Breakthrough Energy Coalition, a group of private sector investors led by Bill Gates, has also committed to the high-risk, high-reward funding philosophy espoused by ARPA-E. This week ARPA-E will hold its annual Energy Innovation Summit just outside of Washington, DC—a chance to review and reflect upon their accomplishments to date while seeding new opportunities for the coming year. Also expected this week, the Trump administration will outline its budget priorities and address Congress about how to enact policies and programs that seek to bolster the U.S. economy and create jobs. ARPA-E is one good, bipartisan example of how government can create private sector opportunity and boost American competitiveness. The president and Congress would do well to safeguard and strengthen its role as a source of new growth and opportunity.

 

责任编辑:刘小云

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