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东盟政府应投资中小企业内部能力

2017-02-17 08:43 新加坡国际事务研究所

摘要:东盟与东亚经济研究院的调查显示,创新能力和竞争力是当地中小企业面临的最大挑战。中小企业在将政府补助转化为研究和创新活动方面并不成功。仅有资金支持不足以使中小企业具备竞争力。政府的举措还应将目标放在促进企业的商业连接和联网能力,以及技术发展。

Governments in ASEAN should invest in SMEs’ internal capacity

原文标题:Governments in ASEAN should invest in SMEs’ internal capacity

中文摘要:新加坡国际事务研究所在《东盟政府应投资中小企业内部能力》一文中表示,中小企业是东南亚主要经济体的中坚力量,提供了绝大部分的就业机会且对经济增长贡献巨大。随着“东盟经济共同体”的发展加快,规则与程序的协调将有效地助力中小企业的经营和跨境商业发展,从而推动更强劲的经济增长。但确保为中小企业提供足够的资金和基础设施,使其融入大企业的价值和供应链变得日渐重要。但融入全球价值链并非易事。东盟与东亚经济研究院的调查显示,创新能力和竞争力是当地中小企业面临的最大挑战。中小企业在将政府补助转化为研究和创新活动方面并不成功。仅有资金支持不足以使中小企业具备竞争力。政府的举措还应将目标放在促进企业的商业连接和联网能力,以及技术发展。此外,政府还应投资于技能升级、劳动力发展,通过提高信息和通信技术基础设施的方式支持中小企业国际化,并保护其知识产权。为了使中小企业在一个一体化的市场中更具创新能力和竞争力,政府应着重投资于其内部能力,而非直接给予财政援助。(编译:罗婧婧)

原文:

Small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) form the backbone of key South East Asian economies, accounting for the majority of total employment and an integral source of economic growth. As the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) gains momentum, the harmonisation of rules and procedures can help SMEs conduct and grow their business across borders more effectively, fostering stronger economic growth.

SMEs stand to gain significantly from economic integration but there is a risk that SMEs which are unable to compete effectively will get squeezed out of the industry. Amid the global economic slowdown and inward looking sentiments in the West, it has become increasingly important to ensure that SMEs are provided with sufficient capital and infrastructure aimed at integrating them into the value and supply chains of larger companies.

However, gaining access to global value chains is not easy. SMEs which are unable to compete face a variety of challenges. Although the majority of literature suggests that access to information and finance are major key obstacles, a study conducted by the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) suggests that the ability to innovate and remain competitive is the top challenge faced by SMEs in the region.

The ability to innovate enables SMEs to remain competitive and participate in global production networks. For instance, innovation through technological advancements may result in efficiency gains and a marked comparative advantage at certain stages in the production chain. This allows SMEs to successfully compete by staying ahead of the curve. However, some SMEs are unable to adopt innovative practices due to a lack of economies of scale, low workforce productivity and shortage in human resources. The ERIA study revealed that overcoming such internal constraints require a targeted government support.

The study reveals that SMEs have been unsuccessful in translating government subsidies into research and innovative practices. Monetary assistance alone is not sufficient in making SMEs competitive.  Instead, government measures should aim to promote business linkages and networking opportunities whilst supporting measures in technological development.  Additionally, for SMEs to move up the value chain, governments should invest in skills upgrading, human capital development, and supporting measures for internationalisation of SMEs through improvements in information and communications technology (ICT) infrastructure, including the protection of intellectual property rights (IPR).

Positive examples of such can already be seen in some key ASEAN economies. In Philippines, the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) has set up the QBO Innovation Hub to support small businesses. Pronounced as “kubo” referring traditional Filipino homes and community spaces, QBO was designed for Public-Private Partnerships (PPP) in the Philippine innovation ecosystem. In Singapore, SMEs can access a range of resources and guides titled “Toolkits for Success” through SPRING Singapore, which teaches small businesses how to navigate the complexities of marketing, financial management and other skills aimed at increasing productivity and encouraging innovation.

SMEs are of great importance to the economic vitality of ASEAN, and a multi-stakeholder approach that includes large corporations and key government agencies should be adopted to promote SME growth across the region. In this regard, the government’s role is especially critical. To help SMEs become more innovative and compete in an integrated market, governments should focus on investing in their internal capacity, rather than assisting SMEs directly though financial contributions.

责任编辑:罗婧婧

相关阅读 东盟中小企业发展 中小企业发展 中小企业创新 中小企业竞争力

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