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依靠研究影响政策制定需要了解的10件事

2017-01-25 16:52

摘要:英国海外发展研究所专家Helen Tilley等在《依靠研究影响政策制定需要了解的10件事》一文中表示,在世界各地,我们正面临着巨大的挑战。寻求应对这些挑战的公共政策只有在决策者做出的技术或政治选择得到最佳现有证据支持的情况下才能奏效。这是为何研究是必不可少的原因。但影响政策既不容易,也不是自动的——需要有相关意愿。如果想用研究来影响政策,我们需要了10件事情。

原文标题:10 things to know about how to influence policy with research

中文摘要:英国海外发展研究所专家Helen Tilley等在《依靠研究影响政策制定需要了解的10件事》一文中表示,在世界各地,我们正面临着巨大的挑战。寻求应对这些挑战的公共政策只有在决策者做出的技术或政治选择得到最佳现有证据支持的情况下才能奏效。这是为何研究是必不可少的原因。但影响政策既不容易,也不是自动的——需要有相关意愿。如果想用研究来影响政策,我们需要了解以下10件事情:知悉你想影响什么;知悉你想影响谁;知悉何时影响;建立关系和网络;政策发展不是一个线性过程;政策制定本质上是政治性的;详细规划如何与决策者进行研究交流;注重理念并提出建议;影响政策需要时间,要坚持不懈;在这个过程中进行监测、学习和调整。(编译:史春姣)

原文:

Around the world, we are facingenormous challenges. Poverty, conflict, migration, disease and naturaldisasters are just some of the reasons why many people don’t have access toquality basic services and opportunities.

Public policies that seek toaddress these challenges will only work if the choices made by decision-makers,technical or political, are informed by the best available evidence.

This is why research isessential. It can produce good evidence to inform local, national and internationalpolicy that, in turn, has the potential to transform lives for the better.

But influencing policy isneither easy nor automatic – you need to want to do it. To be successful, youneed to be open to different ways of working.

Here are 10 things you need toknow if you want to use research to influence policy.

1、KNOW WHAT YOU WANT TO INFLUENCE

2、KNOW WHO YOU WANT TO INFLUENCE

3、KNOW WHEN TO INFLUENCE

4、BUILD RELATIONSHIPS AND NETWORKS

5、POLICY DEVELOPMENT IS NOT A LINEAR PROCESS

6、POLICY-MAKING IS INHERENTLY POLITICAL

7、PLAN YOUR ENGAGEMENT

8、FOCUS ON IDEAS AND BE PROPOSITIONAL

9、IT TAKES TIME, STICK AT IT

10、MONITOR, LEARN AND ADJUST ALONG THE WAY

10 things to know about how to influence policy with research.pdf

责任编辑:史春姣

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