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美国应削减能源补贴

2016-12-21 09:35 加图研究所

摘要:石油和天然气革命证明,美国企业能够利用自身资源取得创新与进步。另外,投资者和大型企业近年来已向替代性能源技术注资数十亿美元。美国能源行业是广阔、充满活力且具有创新力,不需依靠补贴来成长壮大。

16-02-10-31-24

原文标题:Cutting Energy Subsidies

中文摘要:加图研究所专家Chris Edwards在《美国应削减能源补贴》一文中表示,美国政府不需要提供联邦能源补贴。美国能源市场在过去的十年间已发生了显著变化。石油和天然气行业的技术进步已使国内生产大幅增加。美国的石油和天然气进口下降,而出口增加。石油和天然气价格下降已惠及美国企业和消费者。这种能源变革由民间创新和有竞争力的市场驱动,并已创造环境和经济效益。石油和天然气革命证明,美国企业能够利用自身资源取得创新与进步。另外,投资者和大型企业近年来已向替代性能源技术注资数十亿美元。美国能源行业是广阔、充满活力且具有创新力,不需依靠补贴来成长壮大。(编译:刘小云)

原文:

The incoming Secretary of Energy, Rick Perry, has talked in the past about abolishing the department that he will be running. President-elect Donald Trump has expressed skepticism with some types of energy subsidies. However, Trump’s campaign website mentioned support for “continued research into advanced energy technologies.”

As they consider their energy policy approach, the Trump team should look at the past record of federal spending, which I discuss in a new study on energy subsidies at DG.org.

The government has been subsidizing conventional and renewable energy for decades. Department of Energy (DOE) spending has been fraught with failure. Billions of dollars have been wasted on ill-advised and mismanaged projects. The study includes nine case studies of DOE failure, from the Clinch River Breeder Reactor debacle in the 1970s to the recent Solyndra scandal.

There is no need for federal energy subsidies. U.S. energy markets have changed dramatically over the past decade. Technological advances in the oil and natural gas industries—particularly hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling—have led to large increases in domestic production. U.S. imports of oil and gas have plunged, while exports have increased. U.S. businesses and consumers have benefited as gasoline and natural gas prices have fallen.

This energy revolution was driven by private innovation and competitive markets, and it has created environmental as well as economic benefits. Cleaner natural gas, for example, is replacing coal as a fuel source in U.S. electricity production.

The oil and gas revolution shows that American businesses can generate innovations and progress with their own resources. Furthermore, investors and major corporations have pumped billions of dollars into alternative energy technologies in recent years. The U.S. energy sector is vast, dynamic, and entrepreneurial, and it does not need subsidies to thrive.

责任编辑:刘小云

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