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美国进出口银行刺激出口

2016-12-13 10:57 彼得森国际经济研究所

摘要:虽然一年前美国国会就对美国进出口银行(EXIM)进行了重新授权,但人们现在依旧在对EXIM的未来进行激烈的争论。本文分析了历史上美国进出口银行融资与出口量之间的关系,证明EXIM贷款刺激了美国出口。

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原文标题:The US Export-Import Bank Stimulates Exports

中文摘要:彼得森国际经济研究所专家Caroline Freund在《美国进出口银行刺激出口》一文中表示,虽然一年前美国国会就对美国进出口银行(EXIM)进行了重新授权,但人们现在依旧在对EXIM的未来进行激烈的争论。本文分析了历史上美国进出口银行融资与出口量之间的关系,证明EXIM贷款刺激了美国出口。事实上,EXIM批准的每一美元贷款使出口增加了1.35美元。EXIM并不是民间金融的替代品,而是添加剂,有助于美国公司在国外市场具有竞争力。美国进出口银行扩大了该国的出口,降低了贸易逆差,并把运营利润返还给美国财政部。在2007-2014年间,EXIM向财政部上交了40多亿美元。(编译:刘小云)

原文:

One year after the US Export-Import Bank (EXIM) was reauthorized by Congress, the debate over its future continues to rage. EXIM, meanwhile, remains hampered by lack of a three-member quorum on its Board, preventing it from approving transactions over $10 million. Currently the five-member Board has only two serving directors. The main issue in the debate is whether the Bank, which provides financing and insurance for US businesses that want to export, substitutes for the private sector or whether—as its advocates argue—it helps US companies compete in markets where private financing opportunities are scarce. This Policy Brief analyses the relationship between historical EXIM financing and export volumes and shows that EXIM lending stimulates US exports. In fact, every dollar authorized by EXIM results in $1.35 in greater exports. EXIM is not a substitute for private finance but is additive, helping US companies to be competitive in foreign markets. The Bank expands US exports, reducing the trade deficit, and returns the profits from its business to the US Treasury. Over the period studied, 2007–14, EXIM transferred more than $4 billion to the Treasury.

The US Export-Import Bank Stimulates Exports.pdf

责任编辑:刘小云

相关阅读 美国进出口银行 EXIM 降低贸易逆差

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