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事关国际发展的十大前沿技术

2016-11-07 16:38 英国国家发展研究所

摘要:英国国家发展研究所专家BenRamalingam等人在《事关国际发展的十大前沿技术》一文中表示,新技术的发展与运用可重塑经济形态。越来越多的人开始关注前沿技术在国际发展和人道主义环境中的应用潜力。

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原文标题:Ten Frontier Technologies for International Development

中文摘要:英国国家发展研究所专家BenRamalingam等人在《事关国际发展的十大前沿技术》一文中表示,新技术的发展与运用可重塑经济形态。越来越多的人开始关注前沿技术在国际发展和人道主义环境中的应用潜力。对于实现联合国2030年可持续发展目标而言,广泛采用新技术可谓至关重要。与此同时,前沿技术尽管可迅速应对大规模经济、社会或政治挑战,但也意味着现有技术被取代以及相当大的不确定性和风险。在这一背景下,英国国际发展部委托国家发展研究所数字与技术研究小组回顾了五个领域的前沿技术及发展状况,涉及生产与消费、连通性、运输与物流、淡水,以及清洁能源与空气领域。(编译:史春姣) 

原文:

As new technologies and digital businessmodels reshape economies and disrupt incumbencies, interest has surged in thepotential of novel frontier technologies to also contribute to positive changesin international development and humanitarian contexts. Widespread adoption ofnew technologies is acknowledged as centrally important to achieving the UnitedNations Sustainable Development Goals by 2030.

Butwhile frontier technologies can rapidly address large-scale economic, social orpolitical challenges, they can also involve the displacement of existingtechnologies and carry considerable uncertainty and risk. Although there havebeen significant wins bringing the benefits of new technologies to poorconsumers through examples such as mobile money or off-grid solar energy, thereare many other areas where the applications may not yet have been developedinto viable market solutions, or where opportunities have not yet been taken upin development practice.

Research reports to download

Against this background, the Department forInternational Development (DFID) commissioned the Digital and TechnologyResearch Group at the Institute of Development Studies to undertake a review offrontier technologies in five areas as shown below (all links are downloadablePDFs):

Main Report (2.831Mb)

Executive Summary (648Kb)

Part 1: Manufacturing and Consumption(487Kb)

Part 2: Connectivity (540Kb)

Part 3: Transportation and Logistics(377Kb)

Part 4: Fresh Water (491Kb)

Part 5: Clean Energy and Air (577Kb)

Ten Frontier Technologies for International Development.pdf

责任编辑:史春姣

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