2016-11-04 09:02 彼得森国际经济研究所
原文标题：Uneven Progress on Sovereign Wealth Fund Transparency and Accountability
中文摘要：彼得森国际经济研究所专家Edwin M. Truman和威廉姆斯学院学生Sarah E. Stone在《主权基金透明度和责任制的不均衡发展》一文中表示，由于主权财富基金（SWF）的规模不断增长，政治和金融界人士开始关注其缺乏透明度。有关SWF投资背后的动机及其在经济、金融和政治方面可能破坏国家的质疑声不断高涨。本文更新并扩展了一个对SWF透明度和责任制进行评分的原型计分板。该计分板由杜鲁门在2007年建立，旨在审视并促进SWF在国内外的透明度和责任制。主权财富基金国际论坛一直在帮助促进SWF的透明度和责任制，并且会员基金的得分通常高于非会员基金。不过，该论坛可采取更多措施增加其会员并提高会员的透明度。（编译：刘小云）
Sovereign wealth funds (SWFs)—government-controlled funds invested in whole or in part outside their home country—have grown in size, attracting political and financial attention focused on their lack of transparency. Suspicions have also grown about the motives behind their investments and their potential to disrupt countries economically, financially and politically. This Policy Brief updates and expands a prototype scoreboard rating the transparency and accountability of SWFs, which Truman established in 2007 to examine and promote the transparency and accountability of SWFs within and outside their countries. The first full scoreboard was released in April 2008, the second in September 2010, and the third in August 2013. The 60 SWFs scored in this fourth edition of the scoreboard record substantial differences: Some SWFs have high scores, others have low scores. Even funds within the same country have substantially different scores. Most important, many funds fall short of what the citizens of their countries or the international community should expect. On the other hand, the scores of many funds have improved over the past decade. The International Forum of Sovereign Wealth Funds (IFSWF) has been instrumental in promoting transparency and accountability of SWFs, and member funds generally score higher than nonmember funds. But the Forum can do more to increase its membership and improve the transparency of its members.