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促进亚洲贸易融资需要知道的12件事

2016-09-18 11:30 亚洲开发银行

摘要:全球贸易融资缺口预计为1.6万亿美元。预计全球40%的贸易融资请求来自亚洲,而亚洲融资请求的拒绝率高居全球榜首。全球近一半的贸易融资缺口来自亚洲的发展中国家。

promoting trade finance in asia 12 things to know

原文标题:Promoting Trade Finance in Asia: 12 Things to Know

中文摘要:亚洲开发银行的专家在《促进亚洲贸易融资需要知道的12件事》一文中表示,全球贸易融资缺口预计为1.6万亿美元。预计全球40%的贸易融资请求来自亚洲,而亚洲融资请求的拒绝率高居全球榜首。全球近一半的贸易融资缺口来自亚洲的发展中国家。超过56%的中小型企业贸易融资请求被拒。34%的大型企业贸易融资请求被拒,而跨国企业的请求拒绝率仅为10%。贸易融资请求被拒的主要原因是风险过大或监管限制。小型企业称,其每增加25%的贸易融资,就需增员20%。女性拥有的公司面临的贸易融资请求拒绝率更高。亚洲37%的小型企业申请正规贸易融资被拒后,会转向非正规融资渠道。金融技术可以应用于点对点借贷和众筹,但是70%的企业表示不熟悉数字金融。亚洲开发银行的贸易融资项目每年支持2000笔交易,其所支持的交易中75%为中小型企业交易。(编译:罗婧婧)

原文:

The trade finance gap - the difference between the trade financing needed versus what is being provided - is estimated at $1.6 trillion worldwide.

An estimated 40% of trade finance proposals worldwide come from Asia, which has the world’s highest rejection rate.

Nearly half of the world’s trade finance gap, or about $692 billion, is in developing countries in Asia, including India and the People’s Republic of China.

More than half (56%) of trade finance proposals by small and medium-sized enterprises are rejected.

About a third (34%) of trade finance proposals by large corporations are rejected while only 10% of proposals by multinational corporations face rejection.

Trade finance proposals are rejected generally because they are seen as too risky, or because of regulatory constraints.

Small businesses report that 25% more trade finance would enable them to hire 20% more people.

Woman-owned firms face higher than average trade finance rejection rates.

An estimated 37% of small businesses in Asia that are rejected for formal trade finance turn to informal sources of financing, such as personal loans.

Financial technology, or FinTech, can be used for peer-to-peer lending and crowdfunding but 70% of businesses indicated they are unfamiliar with digital finance.

The Asian Development Bank’s Trade Finance Program supports about 2,000 transactions a year valued at $3.5 billion.

More than 75% of the transactions supported by ADB are for small- and medium- sized enterprises.

责任编辑:罗浩

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