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中国梦和“一带一路”

2016-07-08 09:11 皇家国际事务研究所

摘要:中国的国内政治和外交政策在新一届政府的领导下经历了快速的发展。从国内来说,中国政府积极倡导“中国梦”的理念,促进人们,特别是年轻人,以乐观热情的态度看待自己的未来。在外交政策方面,中国领导人也变得更加积极。

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原文标题:Westward ho―the China dream and ‘one belt, one road’: Chinese foreign policy under Xi Jinping

中文摘要:皇家国际事务研究所专家Peter Ferdinand在7月6日发布的《中国梦和“一带一路”》一文中表示,中国的国内政治和外交政策在新一届政府的领导下经历了快速的发展。从国内来说,中国政府积极倡导“中国梦”的理念,促进人们,特别是年轻人,以乐观热情的态度看待自己的未来。在外交政策方面,中国领导人也变得更加积极。中国政府主要强调让中国更加繁荣富强。除了在南中国海追求更加活跃的政策外,还推出雄心勃勃的长远项目,即“一带一路”倡议,旨在扩大连接中国和欧洲的陆上及海上交通。如果这一倡议获得成功,将有助于转变欧亚大部分地区的经济关系。就地缘政治而言,将扩大中国在这些地区的影响力。当然,成功需要邻国积极热情的合作,因而风险也相当大。(编译:刘小云)

原文:

China’s domestic politics and foreign policy have evolved considerably under President Xi Jinping. Domestically the regime has actively promoted the idea of the ‘China dream’ to restore optimism and enthusiasm about its future, particularly among young people. Yet it has also sought to differentiate the socialist China dream from any resemblance to the American dream. In foreign policy, the leadership has become more active.

Its main emphasis is on making China ‘strong and powerful’ again. While China has pursued a more robust policy in the South China Sea, it has also launched two extremely ambitious long-term projects to expand land and maritime transport links between China and Europe, termed the ‘one belt, one road’ initiative. They aim to promote development of western China, but if successful, they should also help to transform economic relations across large parts of Eurasia. In geopolitical terms, they will expand China’s shadow over regions of the world where hitherto its presence has been relatively modest. They should strengthen links with Europe, as well as with other countries along the routes, to counterbalance potentially conflictual relations with the US. However, success will require active and enthusiastic cooperation from many neighbours. For that reason the risks are as great as the ambition.

责任编辑:刘小云

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