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伊朗海上挑衅及对美国政策的挑战

2016-05-27 14:42 美国国际战略研究中心

摘要:在军事上,美国必须加强现有部队态势,避免在海湾进行包括与盟国及合作伙伴开展多边演习、推动海湾阿拉伯国家合作委员会(GCC)六国购买导弹防御系统等激进行动。采用这一多管齐下的办法将降低海湾出现意外冲突的风险。

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原文标题:Navigating Gulf Waters After the Iran Nuclear Deal

Iran's Maritime Provocations and Challenges for U.S. Policy

中文摘要:《伊朗海上挑衅及对美国政策的挑战》由战略与国际研究中心国际安全项目高级研究员Melissa Dalton于5月25日发布。联合全面行动计划(JCPOA)实施后,海湾局势依旧紧张。即便海军军力悬殊较大,伊朗仍选择用不对称战术挑衅邻国。作者认为,美国必须推动与伊朗恢复建交取得进步,同时缓解与其海湾伙伴的摩擦。防止误解、误判和危险挑衅应是当务之急。构建战术沟通渠道、建立危机管理机制及强制执行海湾交战规则将协助这方面的努力。在军事上,美国必须加强现有部队态势,避免在海湾进行包括与盟国及合作伙伴开展多边演习、推动海湾阿拉伯国家合作委员会(GCC)六国购买导弹防御系统等激进行动。采用这一多管齐下的办法将降低海湾出现意外冲突的风险。(编译:刘小云)

原文:

Following the implementation of the JCPOA, tensions remain high in the Gulf. Even with inferior naval assets, Iran chooses to provoke its neighbors with asymmetric tactics. The United States must balance fostering the progress of renewed diplomatic relations with Iran, while easing friction among its Gulf partners. Preventing miscommunication, miscalculation, and dangerous provocation should be a priority. Policy prescriptions such as building tactical communication channels, developing crisis-management mechanisms, and enforcing rules of engagement in the Gulf will assist in this effort. Militarily, the U.S. must enhance its current force posture to deter aggressive activities in the Gulf, including conducting multilateral exercises with its allies and partners, promoting the acquisition of missile defense systems by GCC countries. Utilizing this multipronged approach will mitigate the risk of unintended conflict in the Gulf. 

责任编辑:赵娜

相关阅读 伊朗 海上挑衅 美国 军力悬殊

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