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俄罗斯转向亚洲:将俄远东、中国与东南亚相连

2016-05-20 11:14 新加坡国防与战略研究院

摘要:俄罗斯政府希望将俄罗斯的地缘政治地位塑造成欧洲―太平洋及亚洲―太平洋地区的大国。这是对全球实力转移至亚洲的务实反应,也建立在俄中关系日益发展的基础之上。

19-141120102003

原文标题:Russia’s Asia Pivot: Engaging the Russian Far East, China and Southeast Asia

中文摘要:伦敦大学高级讲师Bhavna Dave在《俄罗斯转向亚洲:将俄远东、中国与东南亚相连》一文中表示,为纪念俄罗斯与东盟对话伙伴关系建立20周年,5月19-20日在索契召开的俄罗斯―东盟峰会是俄罗斯总统普京“转向亚洲”政策的进一步体现,该政策也是俄罗斯与西方目前冲突的结果。通过这一重点的转移,俄罗斯政府希望将俄罗斯的地缘政治地位塑造成欧洲―太平洋及亚洲―太平洋地区的大国。这是对全球实力转移至亚洲的务实反应,也建立在俄中关系日益发展的基础之上。同时,俄罗斯政府缺乏金融资源支持普京的亚洲中心政策,因此,该国需要加强与其他亚太国家和东盟整体的联系,为其远东地区吸引更多元化的贸易和投资。(编译:罗婧婧)

原文:

Abstract

The Russia-ASEAN summit being held in Sochi on 19-20 May 2016 to mark twenty years of Russia’s dialogue partnership with ASEAN is a further indicator of President Vladimir Putin’s ‘pivot to Asia’ policy, triggered also by its current confrontation with the west. Through this pivot, Moscow wants to assert Russia’s geopolitical status as a Euro-Pacific as well as Asia-Pacific power. It is a pragmatic response to the shifting of global power to Asia. It also builds on the growing Russo-Chinese relations to develop the Russian Far East, a resource-rich but underdeveloped region into the gateway for expansion of Russia into the Asia Pacific.

At the same time, the growing asymmetry in achieving the economic and strategic goals of Russia and China has resulted in fears that the Russian Far East will turn into a raw materials appendage of China. Moscow lacks the financial resources to support Putin’s Asia pivot. Therefore, Russia needs to strengthen ties with other Asia-Pacific countries and ASEAN as a regional grouping so as to attract more diversified trade and investments into its Far East region. It is in this context that the Sochi summit takes on added significance.

However, given Russia’s sporadic interest in Southeast Asia and its strategic role defined mainly by the limited potential of Russian energy and arms exports to ASEAN Member States, the PR diplomacy and summitry at Sochi may not deliver substantive outcomes for Russia. Nonetheless, Moscow aims to enhance its status in the east and seek business and strategic opportunities through the summit thereby compensating to some extent Russia’s loss following the sanctions imposed by the west over the annexation of Crimea.



责任编辑:赵娜

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