原文标题：The China-Indonesia Energy Entanglement Moves in a New Direction
- Coal is the dominant source of energy in Asia, with China and Indonesia as leading producers and consumers.
- For many years, China and Indonesia maintained a huge, mutually beneficial coal relationship. However, in 2015, the China-Indonesia coal trade dropped precipitously in light of new political and economic incentives faced by both countries to decrease this trade.
- The air pollution and climate mitigation policies recently implemented by China led to a large decrease in the demand for coal, while Indonesia introduced new policies to restrict exports, promote economic development and nationalize its coal industry.
- These have pushed the China-Indonesia coal relationship in a new direction. Going forward, this relationship will no longer be defined by trade and export, but will instead shift towards investment, with China becoming more involved in the building of coal-related infrastructure in Indonesia.
- Both countries see this as a more beneficial form for their coal resource relationship.