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中国-印尼能源往来转向新方向

2016-04-08 10:11

摘要:《中国―印尼能源往来转向新方向》由加州大学伯克利分校博士生Cecilia Springer于3月18日发布于新加坡东南亚研究院网站。

原文标题:The China-Indonesia Energy Entanglement Moves in a New Direction

中文摘要:《中国―印尼能源往来转向新方向》由加州大学伯克利分校博士生Cecilia Springer于3月18日发布于新加坡东南亚研究院网站。煤炭是亚洲的主要能源,而中国与印尼分别是其主要的生产国与消费国。多年来,中国与印尼维持着巨大且互利的煤炭供求关系。然而,2015年,中国―印尼煤炭贸易由于两国新的政策和经济诱因而直线下降。中国近日执行的空气污染与气候缓和政策使得煤炭需求大幅减少,而与此同时,印尼也推出了限制出口,促进经济和煤炭产业本土化发展的新政。这些政策将中国―印尼煤炭供求关系推向了新的方向。展望未来,双方的经贸关系将不再限于贸易与出口,而是转向投资,中国将越来越多地参与到印尼的煤炭基础设施建设当中。两国也视这样的煤炭资源关系为一种更加互利的形式。

原文:

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

- Coal is the dominant source of energy in Asia, with China and Indonesia as leading producers and consumers.

- For many years, China and Indonesia maintained a huge, mutually beneficial coal relationship. However, in 2015, the China-Indonesia coal trade dropped precipitously in light of new political and economic incentives faced by both countries to decrease this trade.

- The air pollution and climate mitigation policies recently implemented by China led to a large decrease in the demand for coal, while Indonesia introduced new policies to restrict exports, promote economic development and nationalize its coal industry.

- These have pushed the China-Indonesia coal relationship in a new direction. Going forward, this relationship will no longer be defined by trade and export, but will instead shift towards investment, with China becoming more involved in the building of coal-related infrastructure in Indonesia.

- Both countries see this as a more beneficial form for their coal resource relationship.

责任编辑:李晓渝

相关阅读 coal indonesia 印尼 煤炭

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